6/16/2010 12:53:00 PM By
June 16, 2010 update
The European Commission has released a new survey on internationalization of European small businesses which provides new insights into what types of international activities businesses are undertaking.
August 17, 2009 original post
Entrepreneurs have complex and not well understood ties to the global community. In Europe this issue has received more attention than here in the U.S., largely because the importance of cross-border interactions to growth, even within Europe. Indeed, this week I reviewed and provided comments on a survey and draft study from EIM for the European Commission on internationalization. I'll post on that when it is finalized and information public, but in the meantime, it got me looking for data which is available to look at international aspects of entrepreneurship. I can't say that I found a lot but I am grateful to Brian Headd of the Small Business Administration, Office of Advocacy, for several of these resources. Know of something else? Shoot me an email.
NFIB 2004 Survey on International Trade
Survey of Business Owners
- The 2007 Survey of Business Owners by the Census Bureau has questions but data isn't available yet. Note that I think this data will be much more interesting now that this survey also added a question on immigrant status of the entrepreneur. Read the questionnaire. Information is available on the percent of firms that have exports (goods and services) as at least 10 percent of their sales.
- Some information from the 2002 survey has been published. Read more detailed report.
International Trade Association, Department of Commerce
Kauffman Firm Survey
- Beginning in year four, we asked the following question. What percent of [NAME BUSINESS]’s total sales were to individuals, businesses, or governments outside of the United States? Get overview statistics from this question.
Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics
- I've never seen this data used but in theory they include the following question in at least the first wave: Within the first two to three years of operation, what percent of your customers do you expect to be...) international – that is, they normally reside outside the US?
And lastly, in international commerce, Brad Jenson
seems to be a leading U.S. figure. Brian referenced him and I've heard others in Census and government reference Brad although I have never talked with him. For actual studies and better insight on international trade, you can try Brad Jenson.
4/26/2010 2:18:04 PM By
The University of Michigan has released the fourth wave of data for the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics 2
, which is following 1,214 nascent entrepreneurs working on starting a business in the United States during 2005. The Codebook
contains basic distributions of how the nascent entrepreneurs responded in the aggregate to questions in the baseline and first three follow-ups. The PSED is useful for examining the start-up process across a nationally-representative set of industries and variety of topics. The data are publicly available for download at no cost and without registration.
Incidentally, I will be participating in a workshop along with the principal investigators on the PSED at the 2010 Academy of Management meetings (information below).
Business Creation Panel Studies: The 2010 International Update
Entrepreneurial Panels Update
Scheduled: Friday, Aug 6 2010 4:00PM - 7:00PM at Le Palais Des Congres in 511F
Chair: Paul D Reynolds; George Mason U.;
Presenter: Per Davidsson; Queensland U. of Technology;
Presenter: Teresa Virginia Menzies; Brock U.;
Presenter: Yuli Zhang; Nankai U.;
Presenter: Vyacheslav Dombrovsky; Stockholm School of Economics, Riga;
Presenter: Jolanda Hessels; EIM / Erasmus School of Economics;
Presenter: Gry Agnete Alsos; Nordland Research Institute;
Presenter: Mikael J Samuelsson; Stockholm School of Economics;
Presenter: Richard Curtin; U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor;
Discussant: Howard Aldrich; U. of North Carolina;
Discussant: David Audretsch; Indiana U., Bloomington;
Discussant: Mahesh P Bhave; Alliant International U.;
Presenter: Rolf Sternberg; U. of Hannover;
Presenter: E.J. Reedy; Kauffman Foundation;
Understanding the origins of new businesses, the firm creation process, has been dramatically affected by the implementation of longitudinal studies of the start-up process (Davidsson, 2006). National projects in nine countries share the same research protocol and a conscious effort has been made to harmonize many details of these projects. The teams in all countries continue to make progress either in collecting additional follow-up data—as in Australia, China, Germany, Latvia, Netherlands, Sweden and the second U.S. project [PSED II]—or completing additional analysis and assessments of the existing data sets—as in Canada, Norway, and the original Netherlands, Sweden and U.S. projects [PSED I]. The Kauffman Firm Survey [KFS], designed to provide tracking of post firm birth ventures is harmonized with U.S. PSED II. This workshop will provide an update of the developments over the past year among these complementary projects, providing a guide to those teams in additional countries that may wish to implement their own panel studies. Following commentaries on the contributions of these projects to understanding business creation and unexplored opportunities, there will be an opportunity for an open discussion of future directions for this research paradigm.
9/29/2009 12:54:23 PM By
The Clemson University, College of Charleston, and George Mason University are hosting a two-day symposium on business creation in Washington, DC, on October 23-24, 2009
. This event will include research that focuses on nascent entrepreneurship, with a large number of studies that utilize the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics, as well as other research on the early years of a business. A special half-day session will be held in Chinese.
8/19/2009 8:03:43 AM By
For some time, the debate in the survey research community about how to respond to the increasing nonrepresentativeness of phone line-based surveys has been raging, but based on data I read in the Economist
which puts more than twenty percent of households in the United States as being "mobile only," I think this debate can only be getting ready to escalate. The article has a much fuller presentation of the issues than I can offer, but it does raise in my mind the difficulty of pursuing any household surveys in the future which rely solely on random digit dialing. In the past, efforts like the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics, have used such techniques to arrive at a representative sample of the U.S. population. For efforts which are aimed at a business population, I suspect there is less of an issue as it is my suspicion that most businesses larger than a couple of employees still maintain some form of land line phone, although I don't believe we have data on that.
8/12/2009 12:12:21 PM By
At the recent Academy of Management meetings, I was lucky enough to attend a Professional Development Workshop on "Business Creation Panel Studies: an International Overview." Most of the data presented was looking at the concept of nascent entrepreneurship, but the Australian and Latvian presentations also dealt with some other populations. There is a great deal of similarity among the different projects presented, as is apparent from the slides below; however, for a number of reasons the presenters seemed to feel that there was still room for international comparative research and perhaps, eventually, a harmonized data file.
One of the most interesting parts of sitting in on this session for me was hearing the experience of each principal investigator in gathering support for their project, dealing with vendors, getting data, and then analysis. Indeed, a couple of themes emerged across presenters which were of note on the pure logistics of organizing a panel survey. This is my own summary, not something which was presented at the event:
- Funding - Many of the organizers experienced exogenous shocks to their funding source in the course of carrying out the surveys. Even without shocks, most of the principal investigators talked about the expensive nature of panel data collection and the importance of securing funding early.
- Vendor - In all but one case, I believe, these panel surveys were collected using an outside vendor under direction from the academic principal investigator. While it was not the case for each country, more than half seemed to have had some pretty significant vendor issues during the process. Indeed several had switched vendors during the course of the panel data collection.
- Sample - In each case, I don't think the principal investigators ever felt they were able to truly get a large enough sample of nascent entrepreneurs. This is typically a function of cost and sheer difficulty of screening the adult population (or some other source) in order to find people in the process of starting a business.
So, with thanks to the presenters in this session for their gracious permission to post the slides to Data Maven, here in the order they presented are the slides from the workshop.
Business Creation Panel Studies: An International Status Report
Recent Overview Paper on Nascent Entrepreneurship
Per Davidsson and Scott R. Gordon
(Presented by Paul Reynolds)
8/11/2009 10:28:06 AM By
Alicia Robb, Denny Dennis, and I did a Professional Development Workshop at the Academy of Management
a couple of days ago. Here I am posting the slides from that workshop, which focused on data available for entrepreneurship research, along with notes from my comments at the event, which I had not put into slides.
Alicia Robb, Kauffman Foundation and University of California, Santa Cruz
Denny Dennis, NFIB
E.J. Reedy, Kauffman Foundation
Additionally, at the meeting, hard copies of the proceedings of the 2007 Kauffman Symposium on Entrepreneurship and Innovation Data
were handed out. Additional copies were requested by some but electronic versions of each paper are available on line
. The 2008 proceedings
, which focused on ideas for improving data are also available.
And lastly, we highlighted a few ways in which scholars could connect with Kauffman and other scholars in this area. There is this blog, Data Maven
, for tracking data developments. On Facebook, join the Kauffman Entrepreneurship Scholars group
. Subscribe to entrepreneurship emails from Social Science Research Network
. Or participate in Kauffman's emerging scholars programs
8/6/2009 4:09:02 PM By
7/21/2009 10:20:33 AM By
Paul Reynolds is organizing an interesting PDW at the 2009 Academy of Management
highlighting studies looking at nascent entrepreneurship in specific countries. These are all panel data sets.
Friday, 7 August 2009
8:00 to 10:30am
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Room Columbus H
6/12/2009 8:38:00 AM By
For those wanting to spend some real time getting to know data sets looking at nascent entrepreneurship.
Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) 101
July 9-12, 2009
In your research, have you ever looked for
- a nationally representative source of nascent entrepreneurs?
- a nationally representative sample of people who are not organizing
- longitudinal measurements of entrepreneurial performance?
Then you want data from the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED),
now with two datasets.
But before you try to use the PSED, do you know what this means?
SELECT IF (sysmis(cfphlag=1) or
(cfphlag < 90)).
If the answer is "no," then whether you are a faculty member or a doctoral student,
you need PSED 101 from the College of Charleston!
This four-day intensive workshop assumes that you have research questions about the
nature of entrepreneurship that you would like to answer using PSED I or PSED II.
It does not assume that you have (a) any degree of familiarity with the contents of
the datasets, or (b) knowledge of how to build syntax files that will answer the
research questions you have.
You'll learn how to write SPSS or STATA syntax files for creating variables, checking
data, correcting weights, performing analyses.
You'll also learn the overall data structure of the PSED, the differences between the
PSED I and PSED II, and the sorts of research problems for which each is most
Finally, under the individual guidance of the two instructors, you'll learn how to
construct the details of syntax files needed to answer your own research questions.
You'll leave with a CD containing the course materials, and with a personal copy
of the Handbook of Entrepreneurial Dynamics: The Process of Business Creation.
Amy E. Davis is Assistant Professor of Management and Entrepreneurship at the
College of Charleston. Her research examines gender, family, and social
networks in entrepreneurial and organizational contexts. Her dissertation
research was supported by a Kauffman Foundation Doctoral Fellowship. Amy's
PSED work is done in STATA.
Kelly G. Shaver is Professor and Chair of the Department of Management and
Entrepreneurship at the College of Charleston. He was in charge of the
Person Variables section of the PSED1, and served on the Advisory Committee for
PSED2. His specific research interest focuses on the psychological variables that
predict entrepreneurial persistence. Kelly's PSED work has been done using SPSS,
and his syntax file "kscleans" has been widely used to prepare the PSED1 dataset
for analysis of individual-level variables.
The PSED is described in detail in the Handbook of Entrepreneurial Dynamics: The
Process of Business Creation, edited by Gartner, Shaver, Carter, and Reynolds
(2004) and available from Sage Publications, ISBN 0-7619-2758-1.
Thanks to funding from the Kauffman Foundation, both PSED I and PSED II are
available at no charge from the Institute of Social Research at the University of
The workshop will be held in the Tate Center for Entrepreneurship at the College
of Charleston from July 9-12, 2008 (arrival should be on July 8).
For 2009, the PSED 101 registration fee is $200. Thanks to support from the
Kauffman Foundation, the first 10 registrants who need travel support will
each receive a $450 travel scholarship.
To register contact Kelly G. Shaver by email.
4/15/2009 6:34:00 AM By
George Mason, Clemson, and the College of Charleston are sponsoring a workshop this fall for researchers doing work around the topic of "business creation." Most of this research will come from the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, or one of the many scholarly projects that have been inspired in-part by this line of research. The conference will take place October 23-25 in Arlington, Virginia, with a deadline for scholars interested in participating of September 1, 2009.
This particular workshop has the following focus:
- Scholars analyzing longitudinal data sets on business creation will have an opportunity to meet and discuss their efforts as “works in progress” as they are developed for submission to peer review journals. Those working with panel data from Australia, Canada, China, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway,
and Sweden are encouraged to attend.
- Those designing and implementing longitudinal studies of business creation will have an opportunity to learn from the experiences of those who have already implemented such panel studies.
From conversations with some of the organizers and the language of the call, this workshop will have a heavy emphasis on helping researchers in the process of creating their own country-specific longitudinal data collection efforts to get off of the ground through peer exchange and harmonization with other efforts. Read more about the workshop.
Developing better data is part of Kauffman's long-term strategy for advancing better research and policy on entrepreneurship and innovation. Data Maven is place you can connect with new data developments, provide us feedback on possible new projects, and contribute to the community seeking to improve entrepreneurship and innovation measurement.
E.J. Reedy is a manager in Research and Policy at the Kauffman Foundation. Learn more ...