4/30/2009 11:52:00 AM By
Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), the KfW Bankengruppe and Creditreform are in their second wave of collecting data on a new panel of business start-ups in Germany. Much of their design is similar to the Kauffman Firm Survey in that it tracks brand new businesses over more than six years to look at financing, innovation, labor, and firm strategies. The group will be presenting at a June 23/34 OECD/Kauffman event
which has a large focus on survey research design and we should get more of an overview of their data.
FragebogenALL_EN.pdf (65.33 kb)
4/29/2009 6:50:00 AM By
The World Bank recently completed what looked to be an interesting event on "Measurement, Promotion and Impact of Access to Financial Services." There are several interesting papers, including one looking at experimental survey work in Ghana by Cull and Scott that examines the types of financial questions one might need to ask the head of a household rather than each individual in the household to get an accurate picture of financial services used, as well as looking at issues of asking about specific products used rather than companies. Household surveys can play an important part in entrepreneurship research, particularly for those looking at the self-employed, but then ironically, also for those looking at the very successful entrepreneurs or angel investors.
One additional takeaway of the event was the need for more accurate and comparable data across countries, not just at the time of crisis, but in an ongoing manner. This is a similar problem we see in developed economies and will be addressing at an upcoming OECD event.
4/28/2009 9:33:00 AM By
4/27/2009 3:18:00 AM By
A new paper outlines some of the insights that can be learned through matching of patents and business databases as a complement to much of the Community Innovation Survey work in Europe. While I didn't find the paper to go very deeply into the issue, its pan-Nordic scope of consideration was unique to the papers that I have seen in this area.
One issue which the researchers didn't deal with in very much detail was the impact on their research of having to use Amadeus data instead of business register data for two countries. While researchers have little choice except to mix data sources, I do wonder what impacts this has on our understanding. Amadeus is becoming so heavily used in Europe, in international organizations, and even now by U.S. scholars doing cross-country work, but I would still like to understand more about its similarities and differences by country to other data sources. If anyone has references here, I'd welcome them.
4/21/2009 1:50:00 PM By
The World Bank looks to be opening up some of their vault of data through the World Bank Open API
. For anyone that's also a developer, this should be very interesting now. For the rest of us, look for interesting mashups and new means of visualizing World Bank data soon. The World Bank Business Planet website
offers some semi-interesting ways of viewing their entrepreneurship database, but there remains plenty of room for improvement.
4/21/2009 3:32:00 AM By
The Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, a fairly new publication, but one with an A-list set of editors that should entice most academics in this area, has released a call for a special issue on "Knowledge Spillovers and Strategic Entrepreneurship."
This special issue provides an opportunity to advance our understanding of the inter-linkages between knowledge spillovers and strategic entrepreneurship. Accordingly, we call for papers that help achieve one or more of the following objectives:
- Enhancing our understanding of how knowledge externalities link to literature in strategic management and entrepreneurship to identify boundary conditions relating to value creation and appropriation.
- Creating inter-linkages between knowledge spillovers and theoretical lenses such as networks, real options, technology and innovation strategy, spatial agglomeration, organizational learning and diffusion of innovations among others in order to explore issues fundamental to strategic entrepreneurship
- Developing insights into mechanisms that facilitate or inhibit knowledge spillovers across or within organizational boundaries, including but not limited to individual level mobility, employee entrepreneurship, co-location in geographical or technological space, inter-firm and intra-firm networks, and investments to facilitate vicarious learning
- Identifying the potential of knowledge spill-ins, where incumbent organizations may effectively benefit from knowledge spillovers that originate from entrants, and in the process enhance their own competitiveness.
- Exploring the linkages between intellectual property, organizational learning and knowledge spillovers to explain innovation outcomes in inventor networks, and growth dynamics in emerging technology clusters, or across national borders.
StrategicEshipJournal.pdf (144.41 kb)
4/20/2009 3:06:00 AM By
Last week, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) held its semi-annual meeting of the Innovation Policy and the Economy working group. While I wasn't in attendance, I've heard from several who were that the session was of good quality. These meetings are held in DC each year to try to engage the policy audience and the research community on important topics in the area. Among this year's papers are some new work by Paula Stephan on immigration and innovation
, as well as Marie and Gerry Thursby which looks at the effects of Bayh-Dole on research
. Read all the papers.
4/17/2009 2:58:00 AM By
4/16/2009 5:33:00 AM By
Understanding and interpretting data in times of big change, like we have been seeing in the last couple of quarters, is a difficult. I wanted to highlight the conference proceedings of the Association of Public Data Users
here as their focus last fall was on understanding federal data in a lot of different topics that could provide context to much of this change. I would argue they missed most of the data which relates directly to entrepreneurship or innovation, but I will let users make that judgement.
4/16/2009 2:09:00 AM By
The Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council has released its annual ranking of U.S. states
on a range taxes from personal income and capital gains to corporate, unemployment, internet, and gas taxes. Their ranking puts the top states as 1) South Dakota, 2) Nevada, 3) Wyoming, 4) Washington, and 5) Texas with the bottom ranking states (including Washington, DC) as 47) California, 48) Maine, 49) Minnesota, 50) New Jersey, and 51) District of Columbia.
Developing better data is part of Kauffman's long-term strategy for advancing better research and policy on entrepreneurship and innovation. Data Maven is place you can connect with new data developments, provide us feedback on possible new projects, and contribute to the community seeking to improve entrepreneurship and innovation measurement.
E.J. Reedy is a manager in Research and Policy at the Kauffman Foundation. Learn more ...