2/21/2009 7:50:00 AM By
The Small Business Administration (SBA), Office of Advocacy, does a nice job of organizing and displaying data on their website about small businesses in the United States. In addition, annually the SBA produces a summary report to the president on the small business economy. This year, they've included a series of data tables which many will find useful, in the appendix.
- Business Counts, 1985-2007
- Business Turnover, 1985-2007
- Macroeconomic Indicators, 1995-2007
- Number of Businesses by State, 2005-2007
- Business Turnover by State, 2006-2007
- Private Firms, Establishments, Employment, Annual Payroll, and Receipts, 1988-2006
- Employer Firms and Employment by Firm Size and State, 2005
- Non Employer and Employer Firms and Employment by Firm Size and Industry, 2005 and 2006
- Employer Firm Births and Deaths by Employment Size of Firm, 1990-2005
- Job Generation and Destruction by Type of Change and Employment Size of Firm, 1990-2005
- Opening and Closing Establishments, 1992-2007
- Quarterly Net Job Change by Firm Size, 1992-2007
- Characteristics of Self-Employed Individuals, 1995-2006
- Characteristics of Employees by Firm Size, 1995 and 2006
- Bank Lending Information by Size of Firm, 1991-2007
I've included a screen shot here of one data element I am sure will get very big notice when data is available for 2008, "Bank Lending Information by Size of Firm." Right now, it only covers through 2007.
In addition to the data tables in the report, there is a long chapter based on the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics program of work.
2/20/2009 6:40:00 AM By
In 2008, we funded a small module of questions on the General Social Survey (GSS), one of the most used social science research databases in the world. Read the questions from the 2008 survey. We have just received a first draft of the collected data and are under some time constraint in deciding whether to fund a similar set of questions (or possibly different set of questions) for the 2010 GSS. We need your help!
The GSS is transitioning from a cross-section only design to a combined cross-sectional and panel design. In 2008 the GSS had a new cross-section with 2,023 cases and also 1,538 reinterviews with 2006 GSS respondents. The initial 1972-2008 data file with the new 2008 cross-section will be available the week of February 23, 2009. The attached file has the unweighted tabulations from the entrepreneurship variables. It shows about ten percent of their household sample reported that they were in the process of trying to start a business and about twelve percent of households reported owning one or more businesses. These questions were also fielded on the panel of 1,538 reinterviews with 2006 GSS respondents. That data will be available in a month or two.
Do you want a copy of the preliminary cross-sectional file? Unfortunately because of the stage of the process, I can't post that openly, but request for that file can be made directly to me by email.
Additionally, Tom Smith, the Principal Investigator for the GSS, has written a paper for the 2008 Kauffman Data Symposium which outlines the proposed direction for 2010 GSS questions. Read the paper. Unfortunately, when Tom wrote the paper he didn't have the data back from the 2008 GSS.
I will be reviewing and contemplating all of this over the coming months, having just received things this morning. As such, I throw it open to others to comment on this effort and whether it bears doing again as Tom proposes in his paper or some modified manner. This data has great potential for the research community but like all public-use data, that does not come without it's difficulties in identifying what to measure and how. In the case of the 2008 GSS questions, we were provided some very good input from Patricia Greene (and a few others she coordinated with) and borrowed very heavily from questions used in the Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics, but we need a wider set of input before we can determine our future direction with this project.
Read the Early Tabular Results - GSS.pdf (13.28 kb)
GSS Questions SectionE.pdf (13.04 kb)
2/20/2009 6:35:00 AM By
The Kauffman Symposiums on Entrepreneurship and Innovation Data are a multi-year series of workshops focused on the important and growing body of data collected on entrepreneurship and innovation. The 2008 Kauffman Data Symposium took place in November 2008 and brought together more than 180 representatives from statistical offices, academia, and other interested individuals to discuss specific proposals for tangible improvements to data sources. The symposium highlighted twenty-five presentations, each with a different proposal for advancing our understanding of entrepreneurship and/or innovation. The revised proposals for improvement are presented in the proceedings.
Read the proceedings.
2/20/2009 3:58:00 AM By
The Survey of Consumer Finance, run by the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, has been a consistent source of U.S. household financial information. While primarily used to look at savings and spending patterns (see Krugman's recent New York Times editorial highlighting the SCF release), increasingly the Federal Reserve has been studying how one might get more about small business finance from the Survey of Consumer Finance.
We applaud the Fed for considering how the SCF might get more information on small business owners but do worry that their proposed direction will be difficult to be successful in given the existing response burden on complicated cases in the SCF. That said, they won't know until they pretest if they can be successful. In the longer term, we hope the Fed will consider reimplementing some effort which specifically targets small business financing. In 2008, the Federal Reserve disctontinued the Survey on Small Business Finance.
2/19/2009 11:21:00 AM By
The International Consortium for Entrepreneurship (ICE) is a loose alliance of countries and organizations interested in doing cross-country coordinated research on entrepreneurship and innovation. One of the projects that ICE has identified for the year is to study the linkages between large and small firms in a richer way. This project is just getting scoped out and Chris Parsley from Industry Canada has taken the lead on developing the questionnaire and some of the proposed design. I find the questionnaires quite thurough and interesting. We would greatly appreciate feedback on the questionnaires or design. See more explanation from Chris below and the attached draft questionnaires.
I should emphasize that this is a draft and we are really hoping to get input from each of you so that the cases are all conducted with a common understanding of this project and what it is trying to achieve.
There were a number of perspectives expressed at the November meeting and I would venture to say that I have probably not captured all of them here.
The questionnaire is really two questionnaires: one for small firms and one for large firms. They are marked accordingly. Most of the questions are similar, but we have tried to capture small and large differences by posing specific questions to only one group.
The document is a mixture of objective questions and discussion questions. The idea is that we would send this “questionnaire” out ahead of time and schedule an interview to follow. The participants could then gather what objective data they need and would also have time to consider the discussion type questions. So I think it fairer to think of this as a protocol for interviews where we could explore in depth the nature of the strategic alliances between the large and small firms. Hence it is not a survey instrument in the usual sense but a tool designed to probe the subject in some detail recognizing that there will be differences between among specific cases.
Unit of analysis: One of the challenges in preparing this protocol is what we consider to be the unit of analysis. One possibility is the large firm, and the sum of its strategic alliances with small firms. A second possibility is a single alliance between a small firm and a large firm. In the latter case we would get more detail of specific arrangements, but we would have to interview both the large firm and the small firm and we would not know how general these practices are. Small firms are notoriously difficult to interview as they seem very time constrained. On the other hand, if the large firm is used as the unit of analysis we can gather more overall evidence and understand the large firm’s general strategy to alliances, but we will not have the small firm’s perspective, particularly on how it controls its IP. Since this project is about finding links between innovation and entrepreneurship it seems important to get the small firm perspective. To get around this problem the protocol has been constructed to examine both units of analysis. Some questions refer to the general pattern of alliances (section B for instance) and others (in sections C D E & F) ask both about all the small-large alliances in a firm and also about the particular alliance in question. This assumes therefore that we can interview the small firm. It may be the case that answers to every cell are not appropriate, but that has been anticipated.
Scope: At the meeting in November there seemed to be a consensus that we would be looking at strategic alliances between large and small firms that dealt with R&D and also learning. Joint ventures were excluded as were vendor-buyer agreements. Consequently we have tried to make this clear in the protocol. There was no agreement on which sectors to target, but it was noted that biotech and pharma could be fruitful sectors to explore. Depending on what input we receive it could be possible to coordinate among ICE members so that we get a good coverage of different sectors.
I would strongly encourage your feedback and we would be particularly appreciative of your comments regarding the following:
1) The approach outlined here
2) Ways to refine and improve the protocol.
3) Any suggestions as to possible cases in each of your countries
4) Any possible consultants (we anticipate a European consultant and a North American one - this is not the only possibility however. Again your thoughts would be appreciated. With more consultants it is even more critical that this protocol conveys a clear understanding of what we are after.)
5) Any other thoughts
Ideally we would like to have your input by February 27.
Linkages Questionnaire - small firms _3_.pdf (33.27 kb)
Linkages Questionnaire - large firms _3_.pdf (33.05 kb)
2/19/2009 6:50:00 AM By
RENT is one of Europe's premier conferences in entrepreneurship (from what I've heard) and continues to have an intriguing line-up. This year they are focusing in on our main area of interest, the growth of firms, and so we hope the response is strong. The submission deadline is June 1, 2009 and the actual event will take place in Budapest, Hungary, November 19-20, 2009.
2009 Theme: Entrepreneurial Growth of the Firm
Business growth is a major theme in entrepreneurship research field, one of the themes that scholars as well as practitioners commonly associated with entrepreneurship. Researchers found support for the positive relationship between entrepreneurship and growth, especially in case of younger and smaller firms. There is a gap in scientific literature, however, since this proposition has not been fully tested in case of older and bigger (medium or large) firms. In addition, literature rarely shows a strong interest in how or in which form firms expand. Based on that organizers welcome theoretical as well es empirical research papers addressing entrepreneurial growth. Besides the conference theme, researchers and practitioners will have the opportunity to share their ideas on the conference theme and the general topics from entrepreneurship focusing on a great variety of interesting questions and current issues that are pertinent to the different tracks.
Read the full call for papers.
2/18/2009 10:09:00 AM By
Andrew Reamer has an interesting opinion piece on the Brookings site about the continuing drama at the Census Bureau and the importance of getting leadership established sooner rather than later. Read the full article
2/18/2009 5:34:00 AM By
One of the few times in the life of a federal statistical program which the general public has an opportunity for input is when a notice about an upcoming change is published in the Federal Register. Such a notice has recently been placed in the Federal Register, requesting comments and suggestions regarding North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) revisions for 2012
The Kauffman Foundation is trying to utilize opportunities for Federal Register comments on data collection efforts to make sure that the different perspectives of our research community are voiced on important issues. This Federal Register request regarding upcoming NAICS revisions would seem an important one for many studying entrepreneurship and innovation. If you have particular comments, we encourage you to send them directly as outlined in the link above and to forward a copy of your comments on to us. Alternatively, if you'd be interested in participating in a coordinated letter with Kauffman, please email your comments to me directly. Please feel free to forward this email on to other researchers who would have an interest in this topic.
Of particular interest to Kauffman is the request for suggestions for additions of new and emerging industries. Other sections request comments on reducing manufacturing detail and clarifying treatment of manufacturing units that outsource. Comments are due April 7. We'll be formulating our letter in March. Do you have ideas or an interest in this topic? Please add comments here or email us
2/15/2009 9:10:00 PM By
I've seen two recent calls for what looked to be good upcoming events studying innovation in the developing world with an explicit interest in the use of microdata.
- Third Conference on Micro Evidence on Innovation in Developing Economies
Rio de Janeiro
May 10-12, 2009
Institute for Applied Economic Research, Brasilia, Brazil
UNU-MERIT, United Nations University
- Workshop on Firm-Level Data Analysis in Transition and Developing Economies
April 23-24, 2009
And while not a call for papers, this summer opportunity at the Barcelona School of Economics looks very much to have a similar focus and appeal.
2/11/2009 2:48:00 AM By
The FIVE Project on Firm and Industry Evolution and Entrepreneurship
this last week announced that the Henderson Photolithography FIVE Data are now available online. Documentation and data covering the evolution of the photolithography industry are available free of charge at the website. This is the second FIVE data set, in addition to the Sorenson Workstation FIVE Data. They hope to upload a new data on breweries next.
Developing better data is part of Kauffman's long-term strategy for advancing better research and policy on entrepreneurship and innovation. Data Maven is place you can connect with new data developments, provide us feedback on possible new projects, and contribute to the community seeking to improve entrepreneurship and innovation measurement.
E.J. Reedy is a manager in Research and Policy at the Kauffman Foundation. Learn more ...