9/18/2009 6:53:35 AM By
The Kauffman Firm Survey
data collection continues to progress well. Currently in its fifth collection period, we have received initial tabulations from Mathematica, the survey research firm executing the collection, that show continued responsiveness from our panel but also that the new or modified questions we added in the fourth survey (covering 2008 activities) are working well and getting interesting information. It was an oversight on my part that I never posted the questions changes we made previously
. We expect to close data collection by the end of the year and to post the data for researchers a couple of months into 2010.
With that said, even though we are still finishing collection on the 2008 data, we are kicking off plans for the survey covering 2009 activities. We have posted a call for suggestions on the questionnaire
. We have done this for three years and have gotten some interesting responses, some of which have been added. While we would love nothing more to collect all the questions which researchers want to collect, we have a really high standard for accepting changes to the questionnaire. We judge the questions based on relevancy to the rest of the data in the survey, the validity of collecting data on the time period we are currently surveying on (2009) vs. earlier activities, expected incidence within the KFS population, and other factors such as if the questions have ever been tested on other surveys or would help to demonstrate concepts which could be picked up by other ongoing surveys if successful.
In addition, we are seeking a part-time research assistant
on the KFS.
9/17/2009 9:16:19 AM By
Nature has a disheartening article
out published this last week on the success of different projects attempting to encourage data sharing among academics. Unfortunately, my experience has been entirely too in-line with what the authors found that data sharing is an entirely discipline-specific beast. Within Management, probably the discipline of study most associated with entrepreneurship scholarship (with Economics a close second), data sharing is not common. In fact, the discipline encourages, for the most part, studies which are based on proprietary data and that can never be replicated or accessed. It is so incredibly frustrating. In Economics, I would assess things as slightly better but not by much.
I have had numerous conversations with people over the years who are interested in changing these discipline specific norms. Unfortunately, these conversations often don't go very far. Personally, I think the only hope of creating holistic change needs to start at the discipline level and would need to come from the top down vs. the bottom up. If a coalition of the top journals in a given discipline were to come together and adopt new rules on data disclosure and sharing that were standard and implemented uniformly, every could change. As it stands, I have never seen something like that happen. Within Economics, many of the top journals in theory require data accessibility for publication but the actual implementation of these rules is spotty and hasn't spread to all publications.
With such a downtrodden take on the subject I should highlight a couple of cases that are the exceptions to the rule:
- We have a major innovation survey hitting the field at some point in the spring through Duke and Georgia Tech. The principals on that project, with a little prodding, have created a user research consortium including some emerging scholars, who will use NORC's Data Enclave tool to allow for a geographically diverse community of scholars to leverage the data collected.
- Rob Wiltbank and Rob Fairlie have both been very generous in making data they created for different Kauffman projects available. The Angel Investor Performance Project and the Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity both allow for micro-data-based research.
I am not including here a discussion of public-use data sets only because such data sets have an added layer of complexity although many of the issues identified here and in the Nature
article are also applicable to on public-use data files.
Are you passionate on this topic or have an idea? Let me know
9/16/2009 2:22:35 PM By
The third international FINPIN conference has issued a call for papers
. April 25-27, 2010, in Joensuu, Finland, this meeting and discussion forum for practicioners and researchers who want to exchange their know-how and best practices. Explore "Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Universities." Deadline: September 30, 2009
9/16/2009 12:09:32 PM By
I have neglected to mention a couple of popular data releases from the Census Bureau in the last few months. Unfortunately, these are not 2008 or 2009 data, which is the time period everyone really wants currently.
United States businesses with employees added more than 100,000 establishments in 2007, bringing the total number to 7.7 million and adding more than 650,000 employees to their payrolls. Overall, employees of businesses in the United States earned more than $5 trillion in annual payroll in 2007, up from $4.8 trillion in 2006.
2007 Construction - available in March 2010
2007 Mining - available in March 2010
2007 Manufacturing - available in October 2010
Nonemployer Statistics is an annual series of information about businesses without paid employees that are subject to federal income tax, as described in introductory material. Most nonemployers are self-employed individuals operating very small unincorporated businesses, which may or may not be the owner's principal source of income. These firms are excluded from most other business statistics (the primary exception being the Survey of Business Owners).
9/16/2009 8:06:06 AM By
9/15/2009 12:45:39 PM By
A month or so back I did a post on the Kaiser Family Foundation and the Health Research & Educational Trust Employer Health Benefits Annual Survey
which is a survey of employers on benefits issues. Today, I thought I would highlight the Commonwealth Fund Biennial Health Insurance Survey. The most recent survey was completed in 2007 and the survey instrument
and other summary reports
are available online. A specific report on small business
was released last week.
Right away, one thing which is different about the Commonwealth survey is that it is a household survey, not a business survey. This has some major advantages when looking at this issue since health care is often a topic which is not well understood without full information on all members of a household. How is entrepreneurship measured in the survey?
ASK IF EMPLOYED FULL OR PART-TIME (D4=1,2)
D6 Are you now SELF-employed or are you employed by someone else? [IF HAS MORE
THAN ONE JOB: Please think about your MAIN job, where you work the most hours.]
(Trend 2001 D5, 2003 D5, 2005 D6)
2 Employed by someone else
8 Don’t know
ASK IF SELF-EMPLOYED (D6=1)
D7 Do you work by yourself, do you employ other people, or do you work with other people?
(Trend 2005 D7)
1 Just self
2 Employ other people
3 Work with other people
8 Don’t know
So, self-employment and size of business are the two main cuts. No business age is collected or if the people involved in the smaller businesses are actually owners or founder.
And what have the results shown? They really tend to highlight the potential improvements for many involved in entrepreneurship if some sort of improved health insurance options can be worked out. Currently, the self-employed and those working for smaller firms are the most likely people to report going without insurance at some point in a given year.
Read more from the source report
It'd be great to look at an oversample of nascent entrepreneurs with this population to consider if anything new could be learned.
9/15/2009 8:26:57 AM By
The International Journal of Technoentrepreneurship has a new call out on "Challenges of Triple Helix Nexus in Managing Science Parks and Innovation Centers to Foster High-Tech Start-Ups." Deadline August 15, 2010. Read more
9/14/2009 12:00:58 PM By
The journal Entrepreneurship and Regional Development
has put out a call targeting "the contribution of entrepreneurship education to regional development". Deadline is November 1, 2009. Read more
9/14/2009 7:42:38 AM By
The World Bank's Doing Business has published data for 2010
. This effort "investigating the regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it" continues to be one of the most successful efforts to collect benchmark data and drive policy changes. Additionally, as a recent Economist article notes
, these indicators are now widely used in academic and policy research. Also perhaps of interest is a more in-depth report from late last year on paying taxes across countries
I would highlight an upcoming conference that Kauffman and the World Bank are sponsoring looking entrepreneurship and growth.
Conference on Entrepreneurship and Growth
November 19-20, 2009 - World Bank, Washington DC
Jointly sponsored by the Development Research Group and the
Investment Climate Advisory Services of the World Bank Group, and the
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation
Entrepreneurship is important for the continued dynamism of the modern economy and economic growth. The aim of this conference is to explore government regulations and reforms, private sector initiatives, and financial sector developments that affect the creation of new firms, the average size of firms, and the dynamism of incumbent firms.
Read the Agenda: http://econ.worldbank.org/conferences/entrepreneurship
RSVP: Email Agnes Yaptenco
at the World Bank to arrange a visitor's pass. Please indicate which dates you plan to attend. Seating is limited.
9/11/2009 12:49:54 PM By
This morning I read a new report called "The grey economy: How third age entrepreneurs are contributing to growth" by Ron Botham and Andrew Graves
. This project was funded by National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA)
in the U.K. This report is particularly interesting in that it summarizes a survey which was undertaken in the U.K. specifically to look at firms started by older entrepreneurs, as well as topics like innovative activities. While their survey response rates were not particularly good, other aspects of the design seemed pretty robust on my first reading of their protocol. I know there is a great deal of interest in the older entrepreneur population, as highlighted by some recent reports by Kauffman
and others, and would point interested parties to this report (and the accompanying literature review). Although this is the first survey which I can remember which stratifies to get an oversample of older entrepreneurs, I doubt it will be the last.