11/10/2009 9:43:09 AM By
The European Regional Science Association has a call posted for a special session
at their 2010 conference on entrepreneurship in rural regions. Deadline for submission is January 15, 2010, with actual event to take place in Jönköping, Sweden, on August 19-23, 2010.
11/9/2009 2:52:27 PM By
Update 11/9/2009: The New York Times has a nice piece today from this event. Most of the focus is on how statistics on productivity could appear rosy as a result of outsourcing.
Just came across what looks like a fascinating conference examining the effect of globalization on measurement. Unfortunately, it is happening tomorrow at the Upjohn Institute. Too bad nobody thought of doing a paper on entrepreneurship as there is likely a significant but unknown effect on how increasing globalization of companies affects the numbers of new firms reported in different countries.
Measurement Issues Arising from the Growth of Globalization; November 6-7, 2009; Washington, DC
11/6/2009 9:29:23 AM By
The Census Bureau's Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
has a call for papers out for its March 10-12, 2010, conference in Washington, D.C
. This is a program with some already innovative products such as On the Map
which looks at where workers are employed compared to where they live, but in my estimation, LED has only just begun. It is a program which will only become full funded in the next couple of years, if things go well, but the possibilities of useful products are almost endless. Work is underway, as I understand, at Census to expand the matched data to include the self-employed as well as to look more specifically at products which would be of interest to different audiences such as regional and state policy makers.
11/5/2009 2:46:08 PM By
We (and I mean the big we, not just Kauffman) are obsessed with jobs right now, and rightfully so. While the economy appears to be turning a corner, unemployment continues at stubbornly high rates. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) should be out with updated unemployment statistics
within the next few days but several private sector reports on jobs came through more positive (see Wall Street Journal article for a good summary of these statistics
At Kauffman, we have been digging into jobs data over the last couple of months thanks to some special tabulations from the Census Bureau. Today, Kauffman released the first white paper
in a series which will attempt to make sense of these tabulations as well as a host of other data becoming available from BLS, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and Eurostat. The current paper attempts to make the point that young firms (many of which are small) not just small businesses, generally, are the most active net job creators in the United States. Haltiwanger, Jarmin, and Miranda
find similar things in a working paper analysis using similar data sources.
11/4/2009 2:50:19 PM By
11/3/2009 12:45:45 PM By
Global Entrepreneurship Week
2009 is almost here so I wanted to take a minute to highlight some of the more common sources on international data about entrepreneurship.
Scott Shane had a nice posting on the NY Times blog
last week using the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey. Currently the last data from that project was collected at the beginning of 2008. The World Bank will be collecting two more years of data beginning in 2010. The data currently cover approximately one hundred countries. The data is not fully comparable across countries but it attempts to encourage comparability by looking at only one type of business registration, limited liability corporations, which the authors contend is the most consistent legal form across countries. Also see upcoming event at the World Bank
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development will be releasing data next week on 23 economies
. Drawing official data from national statistical offices, the OECD tabulations are of most interest for the study of developed economies but get into many aspects of growth firms like gazelle firms and high-growth firms in the economy.
Last week, the Legatum Institute put out a new version of their Prosperity Index
(which has an entrepreneurship component). According to their most recent index, “Entrepreneurs at the micro level need good economic policies at the macro level. Innovation and entrepreneurship are more strongly related to economic fundamentals than any other factor in a society. Aspiring entrepreneurs will often hit a 'ceiling' limiting their success if a nation’s economy is not fundamentally strong.” There isn't anything there I would disagree with. I am having some trouble finding the data details in their current report but as I remember, for many of their items, they rely on data from the Gallup World Poll, but interestingly entrepreneurship is not one of those items. The Gallup World Poll does have some data available on entrepreneurship, although it is not as readily available as other sources. A case study in what Gallup collects on many countries is included in this write-up on South Africa
And lastly, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)
continues to collect data on nascent entrepreneurship and some other aspects of entrepreneurship. In our experience, countries must be aware of country-level quality issues related to the vendors which were used in collection but these data remain useful in some areas of cross-country study.
10/22/2009 9:56:09 AM By
I am really excited to be participating in a November 18, 2009, workshop that NORC is putting on titled "Assessing the Results of Microdata Access
" in Washington, DC. It should be an interesting session in that it will have several different data producers discussing aspects of their strategies for making data available for research. More information is available on the NORC Data Enclave website
10/21/2009 9:45:14 AM By
I will be attending a mini-conference on user innovation which the National Science Foundation is putting on next month. It strikes me as something others might be interested in.
The Current Paradigm shift from Producer Innovation to Open User Innovation
Monday, 16 November 2009
National Science Foundation
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Room 110
Arlington, VA 22230
Ever since Schumpeter (1934) promulgated his theory of economic development, economists and policymakers have assumed the dominant mode of innovation is a “producers’ model.” That is, it has been assumed that most important designs for innovations would originate from producers and be supplied to consumers via goods that were for sale. This long-held view of innovation has, in turn, led to public policies based on a theory of producer incentives.
Recently, however, innovation theory has been going through a paradigm shift – where it is increasingly recognized that open and collaborative user innovation increasingly dominates the traditional pattern of producer innovation under a wide range of conditions. Research needs now to explore and develop this new path. And related policy changes must be considered and assessed.
During this small, half-day workshop, a first session will compactly review what we currently know about open user innovation. A second session will provided interested meeting participants with a roundtable opportunity to discuss ideas and possible activities for a set of next steps in research and measurement on the user innovation topic.
Session I 1:00 to 2:30 pm
Prof. Eric Hippel, Sloan School of Management, MIT
Fred Gault, Professorial Fellow, UNU MERIT, and OECD
Prof. Jeroen de Jong, EIM and Rotterdam University, The Netherlands
TOPIC: Open User Innovation
What is it, what do we know about it, why is it driving out producer-centered innovation under many conditions? What are the important measurement and policy issues?
- General story of and evidence for the paradigm shift from closed, producer-centered innovation toward open, user innovation. Economic reasons for these changes.
- Data: Canada and Netherlands surveys on the frequency of user innovation among firms; UK survey of product modification and development by end users/consumers
- Status of measurement today: What we can measure reasonably well now; what are the key statistical indicator and data collection shortcomings?
- What are we likely to gain from better understanding and measurement of the user innovation phenomena? (business/economic opportunities, organization management, public policy, etc.)
Session II 2:45 to 4:30 pm
Session chair: Science Resources Statistics, NSF (to be announced)
TOPIC: Research and Policy Implications of Open User Innovation
To be conducted as a roundtable discussion among interested meeting participants. What are possible targets for the next stage of research on the topic?
- Participant reactions to and comments on Session I presentations
- Group perspective on where the user innovation ought to fit in the larger scheme of research on innovation and innovation policy analysis
- Discussion of what a next phase of user innovation research activities might most usefully look like.
- Discussion of next steps and action items.
Workshop Wrap-up and Close by 4:45 pm
(For questions about this conference, contact Mark Boroush, Div. of Science Resources Statistics, National Science Foundation, 703.292.8726, email@example.com)
10/16/2009 11:54:25 AM By
10/15/2009 10:44:10 AM By
Over the last few years, I have seen only a few topics spread quickly across surveys - user innovation, management practices, and effectuation. Effectuation (read definition
) is definitely the topic from this list which I feel I understand the least so I hope to learn more in the next year. Effectuation is a concept which was raised by Saras D. Sarasvathy at Darden
but now has a much larger community of scholars involved in its exploration. Indeed, you can read more about effectuation on a website created on the topic
. There are several upcoming workshops for doctoral students and educators on the topic. Additionally, another event is coming up on the topic in December 2009:
A number of people initiating effectuation-related research have asked for a dedicated forum to present, discuss and gain feedback on their work. It sounded like such a good suggestion that we set aside time for a meeting in December. The idea is to bring together doctoral students and faculty who have active work on the area and focus on theoretical, design, analysis and publishing strategy aspects of their projects with a purely developmental eye. Any self-selected stakeholder will be included, given an active project they are willing to share. The specifics of the meeting are as follows:
When: 8:30am, Tuesday December 15th to 5:00pm, Wednesday December 16th, 2009.
Where: Palo Alto, California
Requirement: The only requirement is that participants provide a working paper for us to share and discuss at the meeting.
Cost: There is no cost to attend. You pay for your own transportation and lodging.
Deadline: Please respond with a working paper by October 15th if you would like to participate.