Proposed method to evaluate incentive programs' economic value will be presented today at the Kauffman Foundation's"Incentives to Innovate" conference
Watch livestream from 8:00 a.m. – 4:45 p.m. CDT at http://kff.mn/incentivestoinnovate
(KANSAS CITY, Mo.), April 17, 2014 – Financial incentives are a key strategy for nearly every U.S. city and state to attract firms, and jobs, to their area.
But while incentives can be credited with attracting firms to one region or another, how can we be sure they are generating the promised returns in terms of job creation?
The paper "Evaluating Firm-Specific Location Incentives: An Application to the Kansas PEAK Program," released today by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation introduces a proposed evaluation method and applies it to Promoting Employment Across Kansas (PEAK), one of that state's primary incentive programs.
In the paper, researcher Nathan Jensen, associate professor of political science at Washington University in St. Louis, identifies a need for more comprehensive data to determine the effectiveness of incentive programs in creating jobs.
Currently, states and cities provide limited data about companies receiving incentives, and many don't keep information about firms that apply for incentives but don't receive them.
"The data most often used to evaluate incentive programs tells only one part of one side of the story," Jensen said. "To understand how much job creation can be directly attributed to incentives, and how much would have happened anyway, we need to pursue more granular data that provides better context."
The proposed evaluation model, as applied to the PEAK program, uses National Establishment Time Series (NETS) data to capture employment and sales data for PEAK and non-PEAK firms in Kansas.
To accurately assess results, the identified PEAK firms are compared to a control group of five "nearest neighbors," firms similar in structure and sector to the PEAK firms.
Jensen cautioned that better access to more detailed data is necessary to make conclusive evaluations, but said the model highlights the need to reform the collection, management and sharing of data about incentive programs and recipients.
"Greater transparency and public sharing of data will allow much more sophisticated analysis of these programs' value," said Dane Stangler, Kauffman Foundation vice president of Research and Policy. "Understanding what types of incentives work, and how well they work, will help our cities and states make smart investments in programs that create jobs and drive economic growth."
Jensen will discuss this topic as a keynote speaker at today's "Incentives to Innovate: State Policies to Jumpstart Innovation" conference at the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
The conference will be streamed live at http://kff.mn/incentivestoinnovate from 8:00 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. CDT.