Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity

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This page is an archive of material from previous years of the Kauffman Index. For the latest information, including reports and infographics, please visit the new Kauffman Index site >

The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity is a leading indicator of new business creation in the United States. Capturing new business owners in their first month of significant business activity, this measure provides the earliest documentation of new business development across the country. Analysis of matched monthly data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) allows for comparisons of the percentage of the adult, non-business owner population that starts a business over time. In addition to this overall rate of entrepreneurial activity, separate estimates for specific demographic groups, states, and select metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) are presented. The Index provides the only national measure of business creation by specific demographic groups.

Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial activity 2014

As the nation's employment rate continued to improve, America's overall business creation rate fell again in 2013. According to the annual Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity, the rate declined slightly from 0.30 percent of American adults per month starting businesses in 2012 to 0.28 percent in 2013. For the first time in the 18 years this report has tracked entrepreneurship activity, the 2013 index includes new data on trends in entrepreneurship among new entrepreneurs who are not coming directly out of unemployment (sometimes called "opportunity" entrepreneurship). Learn more >  


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View an infographic
summarizing 2013 data

Data Visualization

Click through Kauffman Index data
from 1996 - 2013