Research Reports and Working Papers

Ballou, Janice and David DesRoches. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Baseline Annotated Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.

Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, E.J. Reedy, Alicia Robb, Scott Shane, and Zhanyun Zhao. "The Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from the Baseline and First Follow-Up Surveys." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, March 2008.

Ballou, Janice, Tom Barton, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, Jaceey Sebastian, and Zhanyun Zhao. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Baseline Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, January 2007.

Barton, Tom and David DesRoches. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): First Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Second Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.

Bates, Timothy and Alicia M. Robb. "Impacts of Expanding Small Business Presence in Minority Communities." Social Science Research Network, January 2012.

Bates, Timothy, Alicia Robb, and Simon Parker. "Utilizing the Kauffman Firm Survey to Predict Growth in Venture Size and Scope among Small Firm Startups: 2004 Startups Tracked through 2008." Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy SBA-HQ-10-M-0210.

Berger, Allen N., Geraldo Cerqueiro, and Maria Fabiana Penas. "Market Size Structure and Small Business Lending: Are Crisis Times Different from Normal Times?" Social Science Research Network, August 2014.

Berman, Ron and Pablo Hernandez. "Startup Survival and a Balanced 'Burn Rate.'" Mack Institute Working Paper, May 2016.

Bradford, William D. and Tatyana Sokolyk. "Ownership Structure and Performance of Closely Held Young Firms."  Social Science Research Network, July 2012.

Braggion, Fabio, Mintra Dwarkasing, and Steven Ongena. "Household Inequality, Entrepreneurial Dynamism and Corporate Financing." Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper No. 14-27, August 2015.

Braymen, Charles B. and Florence Neymotin. "Immigrant Enclaves and the Success of Entrepreneurial Ventures." Social Science Research Network, June 2011.

Broughman, Brian. "Entrepreneur Wealth and the Value of Limited Liability." Social Science Research Network, August 2011.

Bustamante, Maria Cecilia and Francesco D’Acunto. "Do Banks Screen Startups?" Social Science Research Network, March 2018.

Cassar, Gavin. "Industry and Startup Experience on Entrepreneur Forecast Performance in New Firms." Social Science Research Network, 2012.

———. "The Roles of Industry and Startup Experience on Entrepreneur Forecast Performance at New Business Entry." Social Science Research Network, December 2010.

Cerqueiro, Geraldo and Maria Fabiana Penas. "How Does Personal Bankruptcy Law Affect Start-Ups?" Social Science Research Network, September 21, 2011.

Chen, Yan. "Product Innovation in New Ventures: Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey." Social Science Research Network, January 2011.

Cole, Rebel A. "Credit Scores and Credit Market Outcomes: Evidence from the Survey of Small Business Finances and the Kauffman Firm Survey." U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy, January 2014.

———. "Credit Scores and Credit Market Outcomes: Evidence from the SSBF and KFS." Social Science Research Network, August 23, 2013.

———. "How Do Firms Choose Legal Form of Organization?" Working Paper, U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy, April 2011.

Cole, Rebel A. and Tatyana Sokolyk. "Debt Financing, Survival, and Growth of Start-Up Firms." Social Science Research Network, October 6, 2014.

———. "Financing Patterns and Performance Outcomes of Women- Versus Men-Owned Firms: Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Surveys." Social Science Research Network, October 2017.

———. "How Do Start-Up Firms Finance Their Assets? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Surveys." Social Science Research Network, March 2012.

Coleman, Susan, Carmen Cotei, and Joseph Farhat. "Factors Affecting Survival, Closure and M&A Exit for Small Businesses." Social Science Research Network, November 2010.

Coleman, Susan, and Alicia Robb. "Access to Capital by High-Growth Women-Owned Businesses." National Women's Business Council SBAHQ-13-Q-0A63, April 3, 2014.

———. "A Comparison of New Firm Financing by Gender: Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey Data." Social Science Research Network, February 2009.

———. "The Impact of Financial Capital on Business Performance: A Comparison of Women- and Men-Owned Firms." Social Science Research Network, May 2009.

———. "Sources of Funding for New Women-Owned Firms: Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey Data." Kauffman Foundation, 2008. 

Cotei, Carmen and Joseph B. Farhat. "Becoming M&A Targets: Evidence from Small, Privately Held." Social Science Research Network, May 2016.

Cotei, Carmen and Joseph B. Farhat. "The Dynamics of Capital Structure in U.S. Start-Up Businesses." Social Science Research Network, May 2016.

Cotei, Carmen and Joseph B. Farhat. "The Leasing Decisions of Small, Privately Held Firms." Social Science Research Network, May 2016.

Crawford, G. Christopher & Bill McKelvey. "Power Law Distributions in the Creation and Emergence of New Ventures: Toward a Scale-Free Theory of Growth in Entrepreneurship." Working Paper, 2013.

Decker, Ryan, Pablo N. D'Erasmo, and Hernan J. Moscoso Boedo. "Market Exposure and Endogenous Firm Volatility Over the Business Cycle." Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 14-12, March 24, 2014.

D'Erasmo, Pablo N. and Hernan J. Moscoso Boedo. "Intangibles and Endogenous Firm Volatility over the Business Cycle." University of Virginia, December 27, 2011.

DesRoches, David. "Kauffman Firm Survey: Fourth Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, March 15, 2010.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey Fourth Follow-Up Final Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, April 1, 2009.

DesRoches, David and Tom Barton. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS): Third Follow-Up Annotated Questionnaire." Social Science Research Network, April 6, 2009.

DesRoches, David, Timothy M. Mulcahy, Alicia Robb, and Scott Shane. "Kauffman Firm Survey: Data Overview." Social Science Research Network, April 2008.

DesRoches, David, Janice Ballou, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, and Zhanyun Zhao. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Second Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, October 2008.

DesRoches, David, Tom Barton, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, and Zhanyun Zhao. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) First Follow-Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, April 2008.

DesRoches, David, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, Ae Sengmavong, and Yuhong Zheng. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Seventh Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, June 28, 2013.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Sixth Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, March 21, 2012.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Fifth Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, March 29, 2011.

DesRoches, David, Frank Potter, Betsy Santos, and Zhanyun Zhao. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Fourth Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, March 2010.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) Third Follow Up Methodology Report." Social Science Research Network, July 2009.

DesRoches, David, Alicia Robb, Timothy M. Mulcahy. "Kauffman Firm Survey: Baseline/First Follow-Up/Second Follow-Up/Third Follow-Up/Fourth/Fifth Follow-Up." Social Science Research Network, August 15, 2011.

———. "Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS)-Baseline/First/Second/Third/Fourth Follow-Ups: Study Metadata Documentation." Social Science Research Network, April 2010.

Dosi, Giovanni, Emanuele Pugliese, and Pietro Santoleri. "Growth and survival of the 'fitter'? Evidence from US new-born firms." LEM (Laboratory of Economics and Management) Working Paper Series, Institute of Economics, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (February 2017). ISSN (online): 2284-0400.

Dutz, Mark A. "Resource Reallocation an Innovation: Converting Enterprise Risks Into Opportunities." World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, July 2013.

Epure, Mircea and Martí Guasch. "Information Asymmetry Reduction in Opaque Contexts: Evidence from Debt and Outside Equity Financing in Early Stage Firms." University of Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona Economic Working Paper Series No. 1546, May 2017 (November 2015).

———. "Information Asymmetry Reduction in Opaque Contexts: Evidence from Debt and Outside Equity Financing in Early Stage Firms." Barcelona GSE Working Paper Series No. 941, May 2017 (November 2015).

Fairlie, Robert W. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring their First Employee." U.S. Small Business Administration Report, 2014.

Fairlie, Robert W. and Javier Miranda. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring their First Employee." US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-16-48, November 2016.

———. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring their First Employee." National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper, No. 22428, July 2016.

———. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring their First Employee." CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5836, April 2016.

———. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring their First Employee." IZA Discussion Paper No. 9848, April 2016.

Fairlie, Robert W., and Alicia M. Robb. "Disparities in Capital Access between Minority and Non-Minority-Owned Businesses: The Troubling Reality of Capital Limitations Faced by MBEs." U.S. Department of Commerce, Minority Business Development Agency, January 2010.

———. "Entrepreneurship, Self-Employment and Business Data: An Introduction to Several Large, Nationally-Representative Datasets." IZA Discussion Paper 4052, Institute for the Study of Labor, March 2009.

Farhat, Joseph. "Using Weights in the Analysis of the KFS Data: KFS Professional Development Workshops." Social Science Research Network, August 2012.

Farhat, Joseph B. and Naranchimeg Mijid. "Do Women Lag Behind Men? A Matched-Sample Analysis of the Dynamics of Gender Gaps." Social Science Research Network, May 2016.

Farhat, Joseph and Alicia M. Robb. "Analyzing the 2004-2011 KFS Multiply Imputed Data." Social Science Research Network, December 2013.

———. "Applied Survey Data Analysis Using STATA: The Kauffman Firm Survey Data." Social Science Research Network, August 2014.

Fried, Harold and Loren Tauer. "Understanding the Entrepreneur: An Index of Entrepreneurial Success." Working Paper 55933, Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, 2009.

Gimmon, Eli and Jonathan Levie. "The Early Bird Catches the Worm: How Early External Investment and Early Sales Boost Long Term Performance of New High Technology Ventures." Working Paper, March 2012.

Hackler, Darrene. "High-Technology and Regions in an Era of Open Innovation." Social Science Research Network, May 2009.

Haviland, Amelia and Bogdan Savych. "A Description of Evolving Data Resources on Small Business." RAND Corporation Working Paper No. WR-293-1-ICJ, September 2007.

Hausman, Naomi. "Health Insurance Costs and Young Firms." Social Science Research Network, June 2011.

Hurst, Eric G. and Benjamin Wild Pugsley. "What Do Small Businesses Do?" National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper, No. 17041, May 2011.

Kapinos, Pavel, Tami Gurley-Calvez, and Kandice Kapinos. "(Un)expected housing price changes: Identifying the drivers of small business finance." Social Science Research Network, February 2016.

Kappos, David J. and Teresa Stanek Rea. "International Patent Protections for Small Businesses." United States Patent and Trademark Office, January 2012.

Kleiner, Kristoph. "Online Appendix How Real Estate Drives the Economy: An Investigation of Small Firm Balance Sheet Shocks on Employment." Duke University Job Market Paper, October 9, 2013.

Lee, Jeongsik and Wei Zhang. "Financial Capital and Startup Survival." Social Science Research Network, December 2010.

Litwin, Adam Seth and Phillip H. Phan. "Quality over Quantity: Reexamining the Link Between Entrepreneurship and Job Creation." Social Science Research Network, , July 2011.

Liu, Laura. "Density Forecasts in Panel Data Models: A Semiparametric Bayesian Perspective." PIER Working Paper No. 17-006, March 2018.

Lowrey, Ying. "Estimating Entrepreneurial Jobs - Business Creation is Job Creation." Social Science Research Network, January 2011.

———. "Startup Business Characteristics and Dynamics: A Data Analysis of the Kauffman Firm Survey." Working Paper, U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy, August 2009.

Martinez, Rubén O. and Bette Avila. "Does Formal Institutional Access to Startup Funds Matter to the Survivability of Latina-Owned Firms?" Research Report No. 49, Julian Samora Research Institute, Michigan State University, December 2011.

Minola, Tommaso, Lucio Cassia, and Guiseppe Criaco. "Pecking Order Theory Extension and the Role of Human Capital in New Technology Based Firms. Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey." Working Paper, June 2011.

Morgan, Horatio M. "Equity-based Financial Slack and New Venture Performance: Evidence from Matched Single-founder Ventures." Munich Personal RePEc Archive, September 2013.

Mueller, John. "Founders and Use of Debt Financing Options in Young Firms." Working Paper, University of Louisville, 2010.

Mueller, John and David Dubofsky. "Multiple Credit Sources and New Firms." Working Paper, University of Louisville, 2010.

Mulcahy, Tim, Alicia Robb, and David Des Roches. "Kauffman Firm Survey: Fifth Follow-Up." Social Science Research Network, August 2011.

Nassereddine, Mohamad. "Start-ups Survival Analysis Using the Kauffman Firm Survey: An Analysis of Founding and Current Conditions on Survival." Working Paper, Department of Economics, Florida International University, May 2010.

Pugsley, Benjamin W. "Wealth, Tastes, and Entrepreneurial Choice." Working Paper, August 2011.

Robb, Alicia M. "Access to Capital among Young Firms, Minority-owned Firms, Women-owned Firms, and High-tech Firms." Working Paper No. 403, U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy, April 2013.

Robb, Alicia M., Janice Ballou, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, Zhanyun Zhao, and E.J. Reedy. "An Overview of the Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from the 2004-2007 Data." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO, April 2009.

Robb, Alicia M., and Susan Coleman. "Sources of Financing for New Technology Firms: A Comparison by Gender." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, July 2009.

———. "Characteristics of New Firms: A Comparison by Gender." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, January 2009.

Robb, Alicia, Susan Coleman, and Dane Stangler. "Sources of Economic Hope: Women's Entrepreneurship." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, November 2014.

Robb, Alicia M., Robert Fairlie, and David T. Robinson. "Patterns of Financing: A Comparison Between White- and African-American Young Firms." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, February 2009.

Robb, Alicia M. and Joseph Farhat. "An Overview of the Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from 2011 Business Activities." Social Science Research Network, June 1, 2013.

Robb, Alicia M., and E.J. Reedy.  "Casting a Wide Net: Online Activities of Small and New Businesses in the United States." Social Science Research Network, October 2011.

———. "An Overview of the Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from 2009 Business Activities." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, March 2011.

———. "An Overview of the Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from 2010 Business Activities." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, May 1, 2012.

Robb, Alicia M., E.J. Reedy, Janice Ballou, David DesRoches, Frank Potter, and Zhanyun Zhao. "An Overview of the Kauffman Firm Survey: Results from the 2004-2008 Data." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, May 2010.

Robb, Alicia M., and David T. Robinson. "The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms." Institute for Financial Research Research Report No. 88, September 2012.

———. "The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms." National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper No. 16272, August 2010.

———. "The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms." Social Science Research Network, February 2009.

———. "The Capital Structure Decisions of New Firms." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, November 2008.

Robb, Alicia M. and Robert Seamans. "The Role of R&D in Entrepreneurial Finance and Performance." Social Science Research Network, March 2014.

Rosenberg, Joseph and Donald Marron. "Tax Policy and Investment by Startups and Innovative Firms." Tax Policy Center, February 4, 2015.

Santos, Betsy and David DesRoches. "Exploring Mode Effects in a Panel Survey of New Businesses." Social Science Research Network, May 2009.

Scott, Robert III. "Plastic Capital: Credit Card Debt Financing Among Startups." Social Science Research Network, August 2011.

———. "The Use of Credit Card Debt by New Firms." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, August 2009.

Senturk. "Effects of Employee Benefits on the Performance of Startups." Job Market Paper, November 20, 2014.

Shah, Sonali, Sheryl Winston Smith, and E.J. Reedy. "Who Are User Entrepreneurs? Findings on Innovation, Founder Characteristics, and Firm Characteristics." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, February 2012.

Smith, Sheryl Winston. "Beg, Borrow, and Deal? Entrepreneurs' Choice of Financing and New Firm Innovation." Social Science Research Network, March 2011.

Tamvada, Jagannadha and Mili Shrivastava. "Spinoffs, Founder Exits, and Entrepreneurial Teams." 2010.

Thébaud, Sarah and Amanda J. Sharkey. "Unequal Hard Times: The Influence of the Great Recession on Gender Bias in Entrepreneurial Investment." Center for the Study of Social Organization Working Paper #11, December 2014.

Zaleski, Peter. "Start-Ups and External Equity: The Role of Entrepreneurial Experience." Working Paper 11, Department of Economics and Statistics, Villanova School of Business, 2010.

Zarutskie, Rebecca E., and Tiantian Yang. "How Did Young Firms Fare During the Great Recession? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey." Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-085. Washington: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (2015). doi: 10.17016/FEDS.2015.085