The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation developed the Entrepreneurship Policy Map as a tool to help identify specific public and private policies that matter most to different entrepreneurs and to illustrate a holistic approach to supporting entrepreneurship across various stages of the entrepreneurial journey.
The Kauffman Foundation has populated the Entrepreneurship Policy Map with examples of broad areas of public and private policy that our research shows matter greatly to entrepreneurs at three stages of business development. This map may be used as a starting point for identifying specific actions that government and private organizations can take to support entrepreneurs.
For example, Kauffman Foundation research shows that certain barriers to entry are prominent for startup entrepreneurs. At the state level, these barriers can take different forms, such as occupational licensing and non-compete agreements. The Entrepreneurship Policy Map provides initial direction but allows the user to determine the ultimate policy issues.
Because perspectives will likely vary about what policies are most important to different entrepreneurs in different geographic areas, the Kauffman Foundation has made available a blank Entrepreneurship Policy Map that individuals or groups can fill in. As others populate the Entrepreneurship Policy Map, we will learn new information about how entrepreneurs and policymakers in different parts of the country perceive entrepreneurial challenges and the role of policy.
Startup Entrepreneurs are the owners and founders of new and young businesses across all industries. This aspect of entrepreneurship captures initial firm formation and aligns with The Kauffman Index: Startup Activity—a measure of business startup activity in United States.
The Startup Activity Index is an equally weighted index of three normalized measures of startup activity:
Main Street Entrepreneurs are local, small business owners. This aspect of entrepreneurship captures a later stage of business activity, primarily the operation of an existing small business, and aligns with the Kauffman Index: Main Street Entrepreneurship.
The Main Street Entrepreneurship Index is equally weighted across two normalized measures:
Growth Entrepreneurs are entrepreneurs that lead and oversee the growth of firms. This aspect of entrepreneurship captures business expansion and aligns with the Kauffman Index: Growth Entrepreneurship—a measure of business growth in the United States.
The Kauffman Foundation considers private organizations to be non-government entities that play, or could play, an active and supportive role in the entrepreneurial ecosystem (see How to Cook Up a Vibrant Entrepreneurial Ecosystem to learn about ecosystems). Examples of private organizations include institutions of higher education, accelerators and business incubators, co-working spaces, investor groups, existing and large businesses and philanthropies.
The Entrepreneurship Policy Map
2016 State of Entrepreneurship Address