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THE KAUFFMAN INDEX
ENTREPRENEURSHIP SERIES

The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship series offers in-depth measures of the people and businesses that contribute to America’s overall economic dynamism.

The series consists of reports and accompanying interactive data visualizations presenting entrepreneurial trends nationally, at the state level, and for the 40 largest metropolitan areas in these categories:

Kauffman Index of Startup Activity
Measures business startup activity (i.e., new venture creation) from 1997 to 2016 for the United States.
The Startup Activity Index rose to 0.38 in 2016- continuing an upward trend started in 2015. After falling with the recession and reaching its lowest point in the last twenty years just two years ago, startup activity rebounded, going up for the second year in a row.
Kauffman Index of Main Street Entrepreneurship
Measures established small business activity – focusing on businesses more than five years old with less than fifty employees – from 1997 to 2016 for the United States.
For the first time since the recovery got underway, Main Street entrepreneurship activity is at higher levels in 2016 than those recorded before the onset of the Great Recession. This increase was primarily driven by a jump in the business survival rates, which reached a three-decade high of 48.7 percent. This means almost half of new businesses are making it to their fifth year of operation.
Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship
Focuses on entrepreneurial business growth from 1982-2016 in the United States.
The Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship is an early indicator of business growth in the United States, integrating several high-quality sources of timely information into one composite indicator of entrepreneurial business growth. The 2016 report showed that U.S. entrepreneurial businesses are growing, and rose in the last year for the third year in a row, representing the largest year-over-year increase in the past decade. Despite these promising markers, however, many U.S. growth indicators remain in a long-term decline.