Measuring Entrepreneurship in America

About the Kauffman Index

The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship series is an umbrella of annual reports that measure U.S. entrepreneurship across national, state and top 40 metro levels. Rather than focusing on inputs, the Kauffman Index focuses primarily on entrepreneurial outputs—the actual results of entrepreneurial activity, such as new companies, business density and growth rates.

The Kauffman Index series consists of three in-depth studies—Startup Activity, Main Street Entrepreneurship and Growth Entrepreneurship.

  • The Kauffman Index of Startup Activity is an early indicator of the beginnings of entrepreneurship in the United States, focusing on new business creation, market opportunity, and startup density.
  • The Kauffman Index of Main Street Entrepreneurship, introduced in 2015, measures business ownership and density of established, local small businesses.
  • The Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship, debuting in 2016, looks at growth business activity for startups, scale ups and by industry.

The Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurship series represents extensive research and attempts to present a balanced perspective on how to measure entrepreneurship. However, because we recognize that entrepreneurship is a complex phenomenon, we expect to further revise and enhance the Index series in the coming years.

Kauffman Index Team

Arnobio Morelix Arnobio Morelix is a senior research analyst at the Kauffman Foundation. He is passionate about translating top entrepreneurship research into real-world knowledge for entrepreneurs. Before jumping into the data and research side of business, Arnobio worked as a social entrepreneur in South America.

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Robert W. Fairlie is Professor and Chair of Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He has held visiting positions at Yale University, UC Berkeley, Australian National University, and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Germany. His research interests include entrepreneurship, technology, inequality, labor economics, education, and immigration.

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Inara Sunan Tareque is a research assistant at the Kauffman Foundation. She loves analyzing data to uncover narratives in order to inform important policy and programmatic decisions. She recently graduated with a Bachelor or Arts degree from Grinnell College with majors in mathematics and economics.

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