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Startup Activity

The Kauffman Index of Startup Activity focuses on new business creation activity and people engaging in business startup activity.


Startup Activity Reports

These reports provide a broad index measure of business startup activity in the United States. It is an equally weighted index of three normalized measures of startup activity:

  • The Rate of New Entrepreneurs in the economy, calculated as the percentage of adults becoming entrepreneurs in a given month.
  • The Opportunity Share of New Entrepreneurs, calculated as the percentage of new entrepreneurs driven primarily by "opportunity" vs. "necessity."
  • The Startup Density of a region, measured as the number of new employer businesses normalized by total business population.

The 2016 Kauffman Index of Startup Activity: Metropolitan Area and City Trends

The Kauffman Index of Startup Activity calculates a broad index measure of business startup activity across the top forty metropolitan areas in the United States by population. Startup Activity rates have high variability across metropolitan areas.

Largely following the trends at the national level— which experienced a rise in startup activity—twenty-three of the forty metropolitan areas studied saw their 2016 Startup Activity Index go up compared to the 2015 Index. Seven of them saw small to no changes in startup activity compared to the previous year, and ten saw their startup activity levels fall in the past year.

Download The 2016 Kauffman Index of
Startup Activity: Metro Trends
(PDF)

The 2016 Kauffman Index of Startup Activity: State Trends

This report presents trends in startup activity for the fifty United States and analyzes trends for states, looking at them in two cohorts: one for the twenty-five largest states by population and another for the twenty-five smallest states by population.

Download The 2016 Kauffman Index of
Startup Activity: State Trends
(PDF)

The 2016 Kauffman Index of Startup Activity: National Trends

The Kauffman Index of Startup Activity is a comprehensive indicator of new business creation in the United States, integrating several high-quality sources of timely entrepreneurship information into one composite indicator of startup activity. The Index captures business activity in all industries and is based on both a nationally representative sample size of more than a half million observations each year and on the universe of all employer businesses in the United States—which covers approximately five million companies. This allows us to look at both entrepreneurs and the startups they create.

This report presents trends in startup activity over the past two decades for the United States. Trends in startup activity also are reported at the national level for specific demographic groups for some of the Index components, when available.


Download The 2016 Kauffman Index of
Startup Activity: National Trends
(PDF)

View Past Reports: