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Establishment Mobility in the United States: Interstate Move-Ins and Move-Outs

This brief explores the movement of establishments within the United States by calculating an interstate establishment mobility ratio. Establishment mobility reflects the overall movement of establishments across states, and includes establishments in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors.

Featured highlights:

  • In 2016, South Carolina had an interstate establishments mobility ratio of 2.23, meaning more than twice as many establishments moved into South Carolina than moved out of South Carolina. Idaho (1.76), Arizona (1.68), Maine (1.64), and Nevada (1.64) also had relatively larger mobility ratios, where establishment move-ins were more than 1.5 times establishment move-outs.
  • Louisiana, New York, and Alaska consistently had about twice as many establishments move out of the state for every establishment that moved into the state every year between 2004 and 2016.