The paper also says such a policy would significantly benefit U.S. competitiveness and the economy overall.
In "Keeping Talent in America" (PDF), the NFAP conducted research funded by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation that shows a highly skilled Indian national sponsored today for the most common skilled employment-based immigrant visa could wait 70 years to receive a green card. The report addresses the need for STEM graduate talent and solutions to the backlog.
Casting a Wide Net Factsheet: Online Activities of Small and New Businesses in the United States
Overcoming the Gender Gap: Women Entrepreneurs as Economic Drivers